“The first thing to say about the Ten Commandments is that they exist and their status is that of divine command. They are not Moses’ bright ideas, but God’s categorical requirements. Scripture affirms that the two tables of the law were written directly by God (Exodus 31:18). Thus God told the world what sort of behavior pleases Him: He made this very clear by His ten prohibitions of any other sort of life. Though stated as part of God’s covenant with Israel, the Decalogue shows God’s will for all His human creatures and is thus the place where all mankind’s moral and spiritual education needs to begin. That was true in Moses’ day and is just as true in ours.
The second thing to say about the Commandments is that we have largely lost them, and that is our folly. Until quite recently they were basic to the religious training that Western nations gave their young. Before I was ten I was made to memorize them – at a public school! – and so were most children of my day. But all that has changed. Prejudice against memorizing as an educational discipline, against the Old Testament, against law in the church, and against religion in schools has led to a state of affairs in which few in the churches, and fewer outside, can repeat the Ten Commandments, let alone explain them. The Reformers and the Puritans, who wrote literally dozens of catechisms for Christian education based on the three classic formularies, the Commandments, the Creed, and the Lord’s Prayer, would weep over us if they knew how far we had fallen from the standards they set. In a godless and immoral age like ours, ignorance of the Commandments is as great a spiritual weakness as one can imagine. But it is, alas, widespread, and on moral issues we fumble accordingly.
The third thing to say about the Commandments is that they are foundational to Christian morals, as has been implied already. The positive principles implicit in their negative form, when set in the context of the Christian reality of Christ’s kingdom and life in the Spirit, stand as a family code for God’s redeemed children everywhere. Appeals to the ethic of Christ and the apostles that fail to find their roots in the Commandments (roots that are made very plain in the New Testament, be it said) slip and slide into all sorts of misconceptions. The unity of biblical ethics, starting with the Decalogue, needs rediscovery today.”
-J.I. Packer in the Foreword to “The Law of Perfect Freedom” by Michael Horton
When one of the premier Professors (Thomas R. Schreiner) at the flagship seminary for Reformed Baptists (Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, KY) is a proponent of an antinomian view of Christianity is not the whole movement built on a faulty foundation?
“When discussing Passover, I noted that believers are not required to observe the feasts, festivals, and special days of the Old Testament calendar. This includes the Sabbath, even though the Sabbath is part of the Ten Commandments (Exod. 20:8-11). Such a judgment surprises some, but it must be recognized that the entirety of the Old Testament law is abrogated in Christ.” – Thomas R. Schreiner “40 Questions About Christians and Biblical Law” page 91.
“The antinomians tell you, that “The moral law is abrogated, and that the gospel is no law; …Because the devil knoweth that you will not receive his doctrine in his own name, his usual method is to propound and preach it in the name of Christ, which he knoweth you reverence and regard.”
-Richard Baxter, The Practical Works of Richard Baxter, Volume 1, pages 57-58
“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Therefore whoever relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.” (Matthew 5:17-19, ESV) -Jesus Christ.
“There is nothing which the Lord enjoins more strictly than the religious observance of his Sabbath, in other words resting from our works; but in nothing do we show greater reluctance than to renounce our own works, and give due place to the works of God.”
John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion, 2.3.9
“The more I read, the less I admire modern theology. The more I study the productions of the new schools of theological teachers, the more I marvel that men and women can be satisfied with such writings. There is a vagueness, a mistiness, a shallowness, an indistinctness, a superficiality, an aimlessness, a hollowness [in] the literature of the ‘broader and kinder systems’, as they are called, which to my mind stamps their origin on their face. They are of the earth, earthy.” -J.C. Ryle
The Westminster Confession of Faith
OF THE LAW OF GOD
- God gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works, by which he bound him and all his posterity to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience, promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it, and endued him with power and ability to keep it.
This law, after his fall, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness; and, as such, was delivered by God upon Mount Sinai, in ten commandments, and written in two tables: the first four commandments containing our duty towards God; and the other six, our duty to man.
Beside this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits; and partly, holding forth divers instructions of moral duties. All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated, under the new testament.
To them also, as a body politic, he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the State of that people; not obliging any other now, further than the general equity thereof may require.
The moral law doth forever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof; and that, not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator, who gave it. Neither doth Christ, in the gospel, any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation.
Although true believers be not under the law, as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified, or condemned; yet is it of great use to them, as well as to others; in that, as a rule of life informing them of the will of God, and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly; discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts, and lives; so as, examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sin, together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience. It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin: and the threatenings of it serve to show what even their sins deserve; and what afflictions, in this life, they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law. The promises of it, in like manner, show them God’s approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof: although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works. So as, a man’s doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law; and, not under grace.
Neither are the aforementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it; the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely, and cheerfully, which the will of God, revealed in the law, requireth to be done.
THE BAPTIST CONFESSION OF FAITH
With Scripture Proofs
Adopted by the Ministers and Messengers of the general assembly which met in London in 1689
Chapter 19 – Of the Law of God
Paragraph 5 – The moral law doth for ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof, and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator, who gave it; neither doth Christ in the Gospel any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation.
( Romans 13:8-10; James 2:8, 10-12; James 2:10, 11; Matthew 5:17-19; Romans 3:31 )
Paragraph 6 – Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned, yet it is of great use to them as well as to others, in that as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly; discovering also the sinful pollutions of their natures, hearts, and lives, so as examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against, sin; together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ and the perfection of his obedience; it is likewise of use to the regenerate to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin; and the threatenings of it serve to shew what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect for them, although freed from the curse and unallayed rigour thereof. The promises of it likewise shew them God’s approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof, though not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works; so as man’s doing good and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law and not under grace.
( Romans 6:14; Galatians 2:16; Romans 8:1; Romans 10:4; Romans 3:20; Romans 7:7, etc; Romans 6:12-14; 1 Peter 3:8-13 )
Paragraph 7 – Neither are the aforementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the Gospel, but do sweetly comply with it, the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully which the will of God, revealed in the law, requireth to be done.
￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼( Galatians 3:21; Ezekiel 36:27 )”
A.W. Pink on the fourth commandment:
“It is blessedly true that God does fulfill every good pleasure of His goodness in and through His people, yet it is equally true that they ought to aim at and rest content with nothing short of their fulfilling every divine precept which has been given them. The divine statutes are not only clothed with God’s authority, which we disregard at our peril, but they are also expressions of His goodness, which we ignore to our loss. God manifests His “goodness” to us in many ways, not least in His commandments, which are designed for our welfare. “The sabbath was made for man”—because he needed it for his benefit. They who, like Jonah the prophet, follow their own inclinations rather than God’s instructions “forsake their own mercy” (Jon. 2:8). A life of obedience is not only our duty but our comfort. The divine wisdom has so determined that whatever promotes His glory shall also advance the good of His people. Therefore as He has inseparably connected sin and misery, so He has holiness and happiness. “Great peace have they which love thy law” (Psalm 119:165). “He that keepeth the law, happy is he” (Prov. 29:18). “The way of the transgressors is hard” (Prov. 13:15)’ but Wisdom’s ways are “ways of pleasantness” (Prov. 3:17).
Excerpt From: A. W. Pink. “Gleanings From Paul.” Providence Baptist Ministries, iBooks. Page 485
Iain D. Campbell, criticizing Tim Keller’s view of the fourth commandment (a view similar to Schreiner’s):
“More serious, in my view, is Keller’s exegesis of the Sabbath-fulfillment in Christ. His view is typical of many evangelical theologians for whom the actualization of the fourth commandment in this age of the Spirit is in its spiritualization: Jesus is the Sabbath (so Keller argues), and therefore we sanctify the Sabbath by resting in him.
This position on the fourth commandment has become something of a given in modern evangelicalism. Keller’s view is typical of theologians who are reluctant to hold the traditional position that the resurrection of Jesus Christ has altered the Sabbath from the last day of the week to the first, and that by observing a new Sabbath, on each Lord’s Day, we bring the Sabbath commandment into its own by our worship, rest and profession of the risen Christ.
It is difficult, however, to justify Keller’s position. If the law of God is not entirely abolished (which Keller concedes it cannot be, since the gospel forces us to approach the law with a different paradigm from that of religion), then the commandment to keep the Sabbath holy remains. On Keller’s own admission, it must remain as an element which a Christian should ‘study and obey… in order to discover the kind of life you should live in order to please and resemble the one who created and redeemed you’.
The problem, of course, is that spiritualizing the commandment is not obeying it; nor does it exhaust its meaning or relevance. The transition from seventh day of the week Sabbath to first day of the week Lord’s Day was a natural one for the church to make in the wake of the resurrection and the coming of the Holy Spirit. The principles of redemption and grace which the older form of the commandment embodied had come into their own. To be sure, the gospel means nothing if it does not mean resting in Christ. But this hardly exhausts the requirement of a command from God which regulates our week and calls for a day of rest and worship.
There is no doubt that a legalistic sabbatarian position is as inimical to the gospel now as it was in Jesus’ day. But to call Jesus ‘Lord’ involves conceding the New Testament Sabbath to be under his lordship. What else gave John the apostle the motivation to observe each Lord’s Day as a day of worship of his risen Lord (Rev. 1:10)? What could be more fitting for believers in this age of the Spirit than to lay aside their work in order to fulfill their duty of rejoicing in the day that the Lord has made for them? To be sure, there is a glorious anticipation in the weekly, new covenant Sabbath of the rest that waits in glory for the people of God (Heb. 4:9). But the fourth commandment is not fulfilled or honored by interpreting it in a non-literal way.”
Engaging with Keller: Thinking Through the Theology of an Influential Evangelical
Chapter 1 “Keller on ‘Rebranding’ the Doctrine of Sin” by Iain D. Campbell, page 55
Watch this 3 minute video to see the importance of the Law.
Here is another 3 minute video by Richard Rives on the importance of the Law.